By W. T. Stace
The traditional Greek philosophers have performed a pivotal position within the shaping of the western philosophical culture. This ebook surveys the seminal works and concepts of key figures within the historical Greek philosophical culture from the Presocratics to the Neoplatonists. It highlights their major philosophical matters and the evolution of their inspiration from the 6th century BCE to the 6th century CE.
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Extra resources for A Critical History of Greek Philosophy
Umpires are more restricted even than judges in shows or meets. , call it out publicly. , deciding whether a player went for a competing player or for the ball in that player's reach). Internal to the different restrictions and discretions of show judges, judges in law, and umpires are the direction and outcome of competition in the cases each must judge. Show judges and umpires have no authority to choose or alter or extend, however naturally, the criteria they are bound by; but umpires do not decide who wins, the score tells; and the divers (say) are not competing primarily against one another, but each against the perfect dive.
I cite the moment to recall also that it is an old, if unestablished feeling, that the mutual meaningfulness of the words of a language must rest upon some kind of connection or compact among its users; and that the classical locus of philosophical investigations of this idea of a compact lies in the discussions of the social contract supposed to have established the political community. I want to go on here a bit with this idea; it will show a natural outcropping of concepts which will later come more centrally or thematically into play.
I Criteria and Judgment If not at the beginning of Wittgenstein's later philosophy, since what starts philosophy is no more to be known at the outset than how to make an end of it; and if not at the opening of Philosophical Investigations, since its opening is not to be confused with the starting of the philosophy it expresses, and since the terms in which that opening might be understood can hardly be given along with the opening itself; and if we acknowledge from the commencement, anyway leave open at the opening, that the way this work is written is internal to what it teaches, which means that we cannot understand the manner (call it the method) before we understand its work; and if we do not look to our history, since placing this book historically can hardly happen earlier than placing it philosophically; nor look to Wittgenstein's past, since then we are likely to suppose that the Investigations is written in criticism of the Tractatus, which is not so much wrong as empty, both because to know what constitutes its criticism would be to know what constitutes its philosophy, and because it is more to the present point to see how the Investigations is written in criticism of itself; then where and how are we to approach this text?
A Critical History of Greek Philosophy by W. T. Stace