By Cristóbal Gnecco, Carl Langebaek
* Includes case reviews from South the United States and such a lot authors are from South America
* Departs from conventional metropolitan dominance
* very important for any decolonial/anticolonial attention of archaeology
The papers during this e-book query the tyranny of typological considering in archaeology via case reports from a number of South American nations (Venezuela, Colombia, Bolivia, Argentina, and Brazil) and Antarctica. they target to teach that typologies are unavoidable (they are, in the end, tips to create networks that provide meanings to symbols) yet that their tyranny might be triumph over in the event that they are used from a severe, heuristic and non-prescriptive stance: severe as the complacent perspective in the direction of their tyranny is changed via a militant stance opposed to it; heuristic simply because they're used as capability to arrive substitute and suggestive interpretations yet no longer as final and sure destinies; and non-prescriptive simply because rather than utilizing them as threads to keep on with they're particularly used as constitutive elements of extra complicated and connective materials. The papers integrated within the booklet are different in temporal and locational phrases. They disguise from so referred to as Formative societies in lowland Venezuela to Inca-related ones in Bolivia; from the coastal shell middens of Brazil to the megalithic sculptors of SW Colombia. but, the papers are comparable. they've got in universal their shared rejection of validated, naturalized typologies that constrain the best way archaeologists see, forcing their interpretations into popular and predictable conclusions. Their creative interpretative proposals flee from the safe convenience of venerable typologies, many suspicious due to their organization with colonial political narratives. in its place, the authors suggest novel methods of facing archaeological facts.
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Additional info for Against Typological Tyranny in Archaeology: A South American Perspective
111–112). Recent data tends to corroborate the scenario of intense competition and growing and disappearance cycles of political units. Although site C11 (Lomitas Florideas) possess all the elements of an autonomous political unit, it is effectively connected to El Cedral (C1) by raised earthen causeways (Fig. 4), which point out the existence of institutionalized and permanent ties between these two political units (Rey 2003); moreover, the archaeological sites distribution at the regional level indicates a zone Blind Men and an Elephant 35 VENEZUELA C10 C1 C11 Fig.
Following the same line of thought and on the basis of ethnohistoric, ethnographic, and oral tradition data, Vidal (1993, p. 36, 1999) restructured this proposal to document the history of Baré and other groups from the upper Orinoco and adjacent areas’ ancestors. For Vidal, the indigenous populations were grouped together in intra- and interregional confederations that articulated populations from riverine and interfluvial areas. These social networks were sustained by complex religious systems (like Kuwé or Kuway religion and males secret societies), economic specialization, and the goods and wedding alliances exchange system (Vidal 1993, p.
The development of prehistoric complex societies: Amazonia, a tropical forest. In E. Bacus & L. ), Complex polities in the ancient tropical world (pp. 13–34). Arlington: American Anthropological Association. , Housley, R. , M. , & Johnson, R. (1991). Eighth millennium pottery from a prehistoric shell midden in the Brazilian Amazon. Science, 254, 1621–1624. Roosevelt A. , Reese, D. , Holman, J. , & Schick, K. (1996). Paleoindian cave dwellers in the Amazon: The peopling of the Americas. Science, 272, 373–384.
Against Typological Tyranny in Archaeology: A South American Perspective by Cristóbal Gnecco, Carl Langebaek