By Fred C. Pampel, John B. Williamson
This research of the expansion of welfare spending examines the relative effect of sophistication and standing teams as opposed to demographic composition and political buildings. detailed cognizance is given to the position of the elderly as consultant of the significance of ascription and middle-class teams in welfare development, and to the impression of welfare spending on source of revenue inequality. combination cross-national info from the UN, ILO, and the realm financial institution are analyzed and the realization is drawn that a huge elderly inhabitants, in particular together with democratic political approaches, is a right away and the most important impact at the point of welfare spending.
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Extra resources for Age, Class, Politics, and the Welfare State (American Sociological Association Rose Monographs)
1975; Przeworski, 1985:201). Up to this point, the monopoly capitalism theories show some similarities to the functionalist, industrialism theories. Myles (1984) argues that both theories are structural-functionalist, since both see the welfare state as responding to functional imperatives: In one case, the imperatives are technological; in the other case, they relate to the needs of monopoly capitalism. In Stinchcombe's (1968:80) terminology, functional explanations treat the consequences of a social arrangement as the causes of that arrangement.
Their results generally show a strong influence of economic development and percentage aged on various forms of social welfare effort and a strong influence of social welfare effort on income inequality. Political variables, except for some weak effects of political democracy, have little effect on any of the dependent variables. Such findings have been updated by Wilensky (1976, 1981), who adds corporatism to the determinants of social welfare spending, and by Entwisle and Winegarden (1984), who add fertility to the determinants of pension expenditures.
4. McFarland (1987) distinguishes the traditional pluralism of Dahl (1956) and Lindblom (1977) from what he terms the plural elitism of Olson (1982) and Lowi (1979). Although this term may be less than ideal, the distinction between the two types of pluralism is a good one. The arguments of the latter two scholars, and those of public choice theorists (Mueller, 1979) and rentseeking theorists (Buchanan and Tullock, 1980), lie closer to the arguments we present than does functionalist pluralism.
Age, Class, Politics, and the Welfare State (American Sociological Association Rose Monographs) by Fred C. Pampel, John B. Williamson