Download e-book for kindle: Alciphron: in Focus by George Berkeley

By George Berkeley

ISBN-10: 0415063736

ISBN-13: 9780415063739

Alciphron, or the Minute thinker (1732) is Berkeley's major paintings of philosophical theology and a vital resource of his perspectives on which means and language. This version comprises the 4 most vital dialogues and a variety of serious essays and commentaries reflecting the reaction of such writers as Hutcheson, Mill and Antony Flew. the single unmarried version at the moment in print, it argues that Alciphron has a extra very important position either within the Berkeley canon and in early glossy philosophy than is usually inspiration.

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Now, the public eye restrains men from open offences against the laws and government. But, to prevent secret transgressions, a magistrate finds it expedient that men should believe there is an eye of Providence watching over 32 THE FIRST DIALOGUE their private actions and designs. And, to intimidate those who might otherwise be drawn into crimes by the prospect of pleasure and profit, he gives them to understand that whoever escapes punishment in this life will be sure to find it in the next; and that so heavy and lasting as infinitely to overbalance the pleasure and profit accruing from his crimes.

And if we extend our view to other kinds of animals, we shall find they all agree in this, that they have certain natural appetites and senses, in the gratifying and satisfying of which they are constantly employed. Now these real natural good things, which include nothing of notion or fancy, we are so far from destroying, that we do all we can to cherish and improve them. According to us, every wise man looks upon himself, or his own bodily existence in this present world, as the centre and ultimate end of all his actions and regards.

It is, said he, the first I believe that you ever heard of the kind, and requireth a strong stomach to digest it. Euph. I will own to you that my digestion is none of the quickest; but it hath sometimes, by degrees, been able to master things which at first appeared indigestible. At present I admire the free spirit and eloquence of Alciphron; but, to speak the truth, I am rather astonished than convinced of the truth of his opinions. How! (said he, turning to Alciphron) is it then possible you should not believe the being of a God?

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Alciphron: in Focus by George Berkeley

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