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ISBN-10: 0408013281

ISBN-13: 9780408013284

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The conservation programme is to reduce oil consump­ tion by half of what it would otherwise be by the year 2000. Savings for heating in buildings could be as much as 21 per cent of 1977 consumption by 1985, 33 per cent by 1990 and 45 per cent by the year 2000. In existing buildings savings could be 35 per cent while energy consumption could be lowered by 50 per cent in new buildings. Standard N E N 1068, along with explanatory N P R 5068 sets out guidelines for thermal insulation in buildings to be carried out by local authorities.

Gas heat pumps make a much smaller impact with a 2 per cent share of the market by the year 2000 in the Trends Continued Case. The Con­ servation Case has a larger share of gas heat pumps by 2000: they take 10 per cent of the market in the United States and Western Europe and 6 per cent of the market in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Generally, there is a shift towards the greater use of com­ bined heat and power (CHP) or space heating. This applies to the United States where C H P is rarely used at present and to Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union where it takes a large share of the heating market.

13. Lighting and appliances A very small fraction of energy consumption in housing goes to electric lights and to appliances such as refrigerators, freezers, television and washing machines. This is much higher in some countries than in others, but it is still relatively small. In the United States household appliances and lights took 9 per cent of energy used for housing in 1975. In the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe the amount was about half that at about 5 per cent. 12 with some 7 per cent of household energy use going to domestic appliances and lighting in 1975.

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An Efficient Energy Future. Prospects for Europe and North America by Unknown Author Unknown Author

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