By William Lyons
Techniques to Intentionality is an authoritative and obtainable account of an issue relevant to modern philosophy of brain. Lyons first supplies a serious survey of the present debate concerning the nature of intentionality, then strikes directly to provide an unique new conception. The ebook is written all through in a transparent, direct, and vigorous kind.
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Intuitions about these matters, in particular, intuitions about how much effort, time, or money morality obliges us to give to assist those who need our assistance, are an unreliable foundation for normative theorizing because those intuitions reflect social expectations and customary practice in a socioeconomic system, the norms of which are themselves open to assessment. There are, however, compelling reasons for believing that consequentialists will not advocate a norm requiring (for example) that people give away most of what they have to help those in other parts of the world who need it more.
1 It is subject to two main objections. One is that it fails to recognize that morality imposes certain constraints on how we may promote value. Maximizing act consequentialism fails to recognize, I shall argue, that the ends do not always justify the means. Actions with maximally valuable consequences are not always permissible. The second main objection to maximizing act consequentialism is that it mistakenly holds that morality requires us to maximize value. Morality, I shall argue, only requires that we satisfice (promote sufficiently) value, and thus leaves us a greater range of options than maximizing act consequentialism recognizes.
2000). Ideal Code, Real World. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Kagan, S. (1989). The Limits of Morality. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Norcross, A. (1997). ” Philosophy and Public Affairs, 26: 135–67. Parfit, D. (1986). Reasons and Persons. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Pettit, P. (1991). ” In P. ), A Companion to Ethics. Oxford: Blackwell. Scheffler, S. ) (1988). Consequentialism and its Critics. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Scheffler, S. (1994). The Rejection of Consequentialism. Rev.
Approaches to Intentionality by William Lyons