By Richard A. Gould
Maritime archaeology bargains with shipwrecks and is conducted via divers instead of diggers..It embraces maritime background and analyzes adjustments in ship-building, navigation, and seamanship, and gives clean views at the cultures and societies that produced the ships and sailors. Drawing on precise prior and up to date case experiences, Richard A. Gould presents an up to date evaluate of the sector that incorporates dramatic new findings coming up from superior undersea applied sciences. This moment variation of Archaeology and the Social heritage of Ships has been up-to-date all through to mirror new findings and new interpretations of previous websites. the hot variation explores advances in undersea expertise in archaeology, specially remotely operated cars. The ebook reports a few of the significant fresh shipwreck findings, together with the Vasa in Stockholm, the Viking wrecks at Roskilde Fjord, and the massive.
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Extra info for Archaeology and the Social History of Ships
If archaeological events derived from assumptions about Pompeiilike or “time-capsule” associations are illusory, so, too, are historical events like wrecking, scuttling, and even construction of ships. On closer examination, these so-called events prove to be embedded parts of ongoing processes linked to behavior involving social, economic, and even symbolic activities. The drama of a shipwreck may focus attention on the event, but the conditions that produced the wreck and the consequences arising from it are as relevant as the event itself.
A more widely accepted view in archaeology, however, is rooted in assumptions about the scientifically controlled study of the archaeological record as a valid and compelling source of information about the human past. The archaeological record presents us with assemblages of material associations that provide circumstantial evidence about past human activities. Like the written record, it is subject to bias, but this bias is mainly of an order different from the biases that affect historical or political interpretations because it is physical rather than ideological.
The rationale that archaeology serves to overcome elitist bias is fine as far as it goes, but it provides a timid and inadequate basis for archaeological scholarship because it assigns primacy to the historical record in setting the archaeological agenda. A more extreme version of this argument points to the self-serving uses of written histories by various elites to justify their behavior and presents archaeology as a similar form of revisionism (Shanks and Tilley, 1988: 186–208; Trigger, 1990: 370–411).
Archaeology and the Social History of Ships by Richard A. Gould