By Joanna S. Smith
Dramatic social and political switch marks the interval from the top of the overdue Bronze Age into the Iron Age (ca. 1300–700 BCE) around the Mediterranean. Inland palatial facilities of bureaucratic strength weakened or collapsed ca. 1200 BCE whereas entrepreneurial trade via sea survived or even extended, changing into the Mediterranean-wide community of Phoenician exchange. on the center of that method used to be Kition, one of many biggest harbor towns of historical Cyprus. previous study has prompt that Phoenician rule used to be proven at Kition after the abandonment of a part of its Bronze Age payment. A reexamination of Kition’s structure, stratigraphy, inscriptions, sculpture, and ceramics demonstrates that it used to be no longer deserted. This examine emphasizes the location and scale of pictures and the way they show the improvement of monetary and social keep an eye on at Kition from its institution within the 13th century BCE till the advance of a centralized type of govt through the Phoenicians, subsidized by way of the Assyrian king, in 707 BCE.
Uses a clean method of analyzing fiscal and social keep watch over during the context and scale of vital images
Features new images of fifty seven gadgets and new drawings of fifteen items stumbled on at Kition
Complete rereading of all Cypriot ceramics came upon there from the 13th century in the course of the 7th century BCE
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Extra info for Art and Society in Cyprus from the Bronze Age into the Iron Age
Pieces left on the floor of a building destroyed by fire may preserve a group of objects used together, while those found mixed and discarded in a pit may present a jumble of contextual associations separated from their primary area of use. When using archaeological sources, it is difficult to avoid teleological assumptions, given that stratigraphic sequences tend to highlight events such as earthquakes, floods, rebuilding, and mortality. This end-point perspective emphasizes the static, closed nature of the deposits.
On Cyprus, there are a few cuneiform inscriptions during the Late Bronze Age in Akkadian and Ugaritic, all of which could have been written on objects outside the island and imported there. Most significant is the Assyrian stela mentioned in the first chapter that was erected at Kition at the end of the eighth century BCE. 2 Similarly, there are imported objects inscribed with Egyptian hieroglyphs. Far fewer, although present, are objects inscribed in the Luwian hieroglyphic script of the Hittites, 3 at least one of which was probably made on Cyprus, making this the only script other than Cypro-Minoan used on the island near the end of the Bronze Age.
Each should be considered in relationship to the human body, for they were either worn, held, moved, or viewed by humans and formed part of the material world in which people lived (Fig. 4). 4. Figures from Kition-Kathari (except (a) at left) shown in relationship to the scale of the human body: (a) left, gold finger ring, Kition-Chrysopolitissa, Tomb 9, upper burial no. 249 (see Fig. 14b), and right, faience amulet, no. 4632 (see Fig. 22); (b) terracotta male mask fragment, no. 5481 (see Fig. 1); (c) fragment of a near-life-size terracotta statue, no.
Art and Society in Cyprus from the Bronze Age into the Iron Age by Joanna S. Smith