By Arthur D. Anastopoulos, Terri L. Shelton
This quantity presents baby health and wellbeing care pros and educators with a entire set of empirically-driven, process-oriented directions for assessing teenagers and teens who express signs of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity illness (AD/HD). * bargains guidance for engaging in an AD/HD evaluation;
* contains a special description of the defining beneficial properties of AD/HD;
* Comprehensively discusses how AD/HD and its linked positive aspects spread around the existence span;
* provides an in-depth critique of varied evaluate strategies.
Assessing Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder steers the reader during the means of settling on measures and attaining exact AD/HD diagnoses. The textual content additionally reports the method of translating overview info into therapy ideas, giving suggestions to youngsters and households, and comparing remedy efficacy.
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Additional info for Assessing Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (Topics in Social Psychiatry)
Additional variability in AD/HD prevalence rates can arise from differences in the assessment procedures used to determine whether DSM criteria are met. , clinical interviews versus child behavior rating scales). , structured versus semistructured interviews). , scores above the 93rd percentile versus those above the 98th percentile). Having different informants can also affect prevalence calculations. As a function of the different demands that they place on children, different informants may have very different perceptions of whether AD/HD symptoms are present, which poses an interesting problem for epidemiological researchers: From whom should the information be gathered?
Primary Characteristics and Associated Features 31 Among those that have, the findings were inconsistent. Some studies have reported abnormalities in one of the monoaminergic systems, involving either dopamine (Raskin, Shaywitz, Shaywitz, Anderson, & Cohen, 1984) or norepinephrine (Arnsten, Steere, & Hunt, 1996). Others have implicated serotonin deficiencies (Nemzer, Arnold, Votolato, & McConnell, 1986). , 1997a). According to one recently proposed model (Pliszka, McCracken, & Maas, 1996), norepinephrine dysregulation would be seen in those whose primary difficulties are attentional in nature, whereas dopamine deficiencies would be predicted for those whose hyperactivity and impulsivity are prominent.
EPIDEMIOLOGY Prevalence At face value, estimating the prevalence of AD/HD appears relatively straightforward. You simply gather a certain number of children and then calculate the percentage who meet the criteria for AD/HD. Unfortunately, it’s not so simple; many things can affect AD/HD prevalence estimates. One factor is the composition of the sample. For a prevalence estimate to be reasonably accurate, the sample must be representative of its population. In most cases this means a sample whose demographic characteristics closely approximate those found in the geographic area under consideration in terms of age, gender, socioeconomic status, ethnicity, and cultural diversity.
Assessing Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (Topics in Social Psychiatry) by Arthur D. Anastopoulos, Terri L. Shelton