By Steven E. Sidebotham
The mythical overland silk street used to be now not the one strategy to succeed in Asia for old tourists from the Mediterranean. in the course of the Roman Empire’s heyday, both very important maritime routes reached from the Egyptian pink Sea around the Indian Ocean. the traditional urban of Berenike, situated nearly 500 miles south of today’s Suez Canal, used to be an important port between those conduits. during this publication, Steven E. Sidebotham, the archaeologist who excavated Berenike, uncovers the position town performed within the nearby, neighborhood, and “global” economies throughout the 8 centuries of its lifestyles. Sidebotham analyzes a number of the artifacts, botanical and faunal is still, and 1000's of the texts he and his crew present in excavations, delivering a profoundly intimate glimpse of the folks who lived, labored, and died during this emporium among the classical Mediterranean global and Asia.
Retail caliber, problably simply got rid of the DRM.
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Additional info for Berenike and the Ancient Maritime Spice Route
Celsus’s account demonstrates that commerce between these regions and the Roman world via the Red Sea ports, especially Berenike and Myos Hormos, was substantial at this time. , cites an abundance of botanical data used in pharmacology. e. a nameless author, probably a sea captain or experienced navigator, wrote in Koine Greek the Periplus Maris Erythraei. e. authors and the archaeological record at Berenike and elsewhere show: this was a peak period of contact between eastern lands and the Mediterranean basin, and Berenike was an important player in these economic and cultural exchanges.
65 One station at Bir Sayyala was called Simiou, a place-name that was perhaps derived from the moniker of one of Ptolemy II’s officers, a man named Simmias,66 put in command of an elephant-hunting expedition, who may have passed here en route to or from his assignment. Recent finds of Ptolemaic pottery and coins at Myos Hormos,67 as well as Ptolemaic (or possibly early Roman) temple blocks in the Ottoman/French fort and some of the houses at Quseir,68 may point to a Ptolemaic-era port in this same region.
79 Several of these visitors also cleared the Serapis temple, though none indicates how much work he actually undertook in this endeavor. Logistical constraints greatly limited what these travelers could accomplish in their short visits, which was to clear the most conspicuous building on the site: the temple dedicated to Serapis and other Egyptian gods. Limited to nonexistent water supplies in Berenike’s environs severely curtailed the amount of time they could spend at the ruins. They had to either trek back to acquire potable water from a source often at a great distance from Berenike or have camel trains sent to procure adequate amounts of water and food.
Berenike and the Ancient Maritime Spice Route by Steven E. Sidebotham