By M. Oehmichen, R. N. Auer, H. G. Konig
Incorporating the newest literature and state of the art tools, this useful paintings and atlas covers the total area of neuropathology for forensic pathologists in addition to for experts in linked fields. Its concise, direct type presents the reader with succinct and easy-to-find solutions to forensic, pathological, pathophysiological, biomechanical, and molecular biology difficulties. also, the authors disguise numerous easy and sensible difficulties which could stimulate extra learn.
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Extra info for Forensic Neuropathology and Associated Neurology
A spinal shock can lead to dilation of peripheral vessels and thus to low blood volume, which in turn can result in inadequate blood supply to the brain and heart. This phenomenon is associated with acute spinal trauma for example. 3. Extracranial processes can lead to functional failure of the brain as follows: − Low blood volume and/or blood loss resulting in insufficient oxygen supply to the brain. − Hypoglycemia associated with diabetes mellitus or insulin overdose. − Hyperthermia due to fever or excessive ambient heat can lead to death via brain edema and congestion.
CRC, Boca Raton, Fla. References Barnett PD (2001) Ethics in forensic science: professional standards for the practice of criminalistics. , p 1184 Black M, Graham DI (2002) Sudden unexplained death in adults caused by intracranial pathology. J Clin Pathol 55:44−50 Cechetto DF (2000) Neuropathology and cardiovascular regulation. In: Ter Horst GJ (ed) The nervous system and the heart. , pp 159−179 Dawidoff DJ (1977) Causation. In: Tedeschi CG, Eckert WG, Tedeschi LG (eds) Forensic medicine, vol III.
The velocity at which an impulse travels along the axon is proportional to the diameter of the axon and of the myelin sheath: axons with the thickest myelin sheaths conduct at about 120 m/s, while unmyelinated axons conduct at less than 1 m/s. The (pathological) demyelination follows ischemic or inflammatory insults and is marked by a loss of myelinated axons (Fig. 3b, c) and phagocytosis of myelin fragments (Fig. 3d). Peripheral nerves are surrounded by three layers of connective tissue that protect them from mechanical trauma: an external thick layer, the epineurium, an internal layer, the perineurium, and a layer of thin collagen fibers and fibroblasts, the endoneurium.
Forensic Neuropathology and Associated Neurology by M. Oehmichen, R. N. Auer, H. G. Konig